编程入门教程

Foundation 网格实例

以下我们收集了一些网格常用的实例。


三个均等列

该实例演示了如何创建三个均等列 (33.3%/33.3%/33.3%) ,在中型和大型设备上显示三个列,在小型设备上自动堆叠:

实例

< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "medium-4 columns" style= "background-color:yellow;" >
    < p >.medium-4 < /p >
  < /div >
  < div class= "medium-4 columns" style= "background-color:pink;" >
    < p >.medium-4 < /p >
  < /div >
  < div class= "medium-4 columns" style= "background-color:yellow;" >
    < p >.medium-4 < /p >
  < /div >
< /div >


三个不均等列

该实例演示了如何创建三个不均等列 (25%/50%/25%),在中型和大型设备上显示三个列,在小型设备上自动堆叠:

实例

< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "medium-3 columns" style= "background-color:yellow;" >
    < p >.medium-3 < /p >
  < /div >
  < div class= "medium-6 columns" style= "background-color:pink;" >
    < p >.medium-6 < /p >
  < /div >
  < div class= "medium-3 columns" style= "background-color:yellow;" >
    < p >.medium-3 < /p >
  < /div >
< /div >


两个均等列

该实例演示了如何创建两个均等列 (50%/50%),在小型、中型和大型设备上列的比例始终为 50%/50%:

实例

< div class= "row" >
   < div class= "small-6 columns" style= "background-color:yellow;" >
     < p >.small-6 < /p >
   < /div >
   < div class= "small-6 columns" style= "background-color:pink;" >
     < p >.small-6 < /p >
   < /div >
< /div >


两个不均等列

该实例演示了如何创建两个不均等列 (33.3%/66.6%),在小型、中型和大型设备上列的比例始终为 33.3%/66.6%:

实例

< div class= "row" >
   < div class= "small-8 columns" style= "background-color:yellow;" >
     < p >.small-8 < /p >
   < /div >
   < div class= "small-4 columns" style= "background-color:pink;" >
     < p >.small-4 < /p >
   < /div >
< /div >


修改列的顺序

通过使用 .small|medium|large-push-*.small|medium|large-pull-* 类来修改列的顺序:

实例

< div class= "row" >
   < div class= "small-4 small-8-push columns" style= "background-color:yellow;" >
     < p >.small-4 .small-8-push < /p >
   < /div >
   < div class= "small-8 small-4-pull columns" style= "background-color:pink;" >
     < p >.small-8 .small-4-pull < /p >
   < /div >
< /div >


嵌套列

你可以使用嵌套网格(列中插入列):

实例

< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "small-8 columns" >.small-8
    < div class= "row" >
      < div class= "small-8 columns" >.small-8 Nested
        < div class= "row" >
          < div class= "small-8 columns" >.small-8 Nested Again < /div >
          < div class= "small-4 columns" >.small-4 < /div >
        < /div >
      < /div >
      < div class= "small-4 columns" >.small-4 < /div >
    < /div >
  < /div >
  < div class= "small-4 columns" >.small-4 < /div >
< /div >


混合:手机、桌面设备

Foundation 网格系统有三个列: .small-* (手机), .medium-* (平板), 和 .large-* (桌面设备)。这些类可以动态组合使用,让布局更加灵活:

提示: 每个类都能放大,如果你希望小型和大型屏幕设备的宽度一样可以设置指定 .small-*

实例

< div class= "row" >
   < div class= "small-6 large-8 columns" >.small-6 .large-8 < /div >
   < div class= "small-6 large-4 columns" >.small-6 .large-4 < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "row" >
   < div class= "small-2 large-4 columns" >.small-2 .large-2 < /div >
   < div class= "small-4 large-4 columns" >.small-4 .large-2 < /div >
  < div class= "small-6 large-4 columns" >.small-6 .large-2 < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "row" >
   < div class= "small-3 large-5 columns" >.small-3 .large-5 < /div >
   < div class= "small-9 large-7 columns" >.small-9 .large-7 < /div >
< /div >


混合:手机、平板和桌面设备

实例

< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "medium-6 large-8 columns" >.medium-6 .large-8 < /div >
  < div class= "medium-6 large-4 columns" >.medium-6 .large-4 < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "small-4 medium-3 large-7 columns" >.small-4 .medium-3 .large-7 < /div >
  < div class= "small-4 medium-6 large-3 columns" >.small-4 .medium-6 .large-3 < /div >
  < div class= "small-4 medium-3 large-2 columns" >.small-4 .medium-3 .large-2 < /div >
< /div >


居中列

列居中可以使用 .small-centered 类。中型和大型设备可以继承小型设备的居中,但你需要在大型设备上设置居中类.large-centered

实例

< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "small-4 small-centered columns" >small-4 small-centered < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "small-6 small-centered columns" >small-6 small-centered < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "small-6 large-centered columns" >small-6 large-centered < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "small-8 small-centered large-uncentered columns" >small-8 small-centered large-uncentered < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "small-10 small-centered columns" >small-10 small-centered < /div >
< /div >


列偏移量

可以使用 .large-offset-* (或 .small-offset-*) 类设置列向右移。 左侧外边距的列数量使用 * 号控制:

实例

< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "large-1 columns" >1 < /div >
  < div class= "large-11 columns" >11 < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "large-1 columns" >1 < /div >
  < div class= "large-10 large-offset-1 columns" >10, offset 1 < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "large-1 columns" >1 < /div >
  < div class= "large-9 large-offset-2 columns" >9, offset 2 < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "large-1 columns" >1 < /div >
  < div class= "large-8 large-offset-3 columns" >8, offset 3 < /div >
< /div >


不完整列

如果一行中的列数量之和不是 12 , Foundation 将自动将最后一列向右浮动,并使用空白来填充剩下的列。

可选项 .end 类用于设置最后一列的元素向左边浮动:

实例

< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "medium-3 columns" >.medium-3 < /div >
  < div class= "medium-3 columns" >.medium-3 < /div >
  < div class= "medium-3 columns" >.medium-3 < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "row" >
  < div class= "medium-3 columns" >.medium-3 < /div >
  < div class= "medium-3 columns" >.medium-3 < /div >
  < div class= "medium-3 columns end" >.medium-3 .end < /div >
< /div >

宽屏

网格 (.row) 最大尺寸( max-width)为 62.5rem。在宽屏设备上尺寸可能大于 62.5rem, 这样列就无法完整填充页面,即便宽度设置为 100%。但是我们可以通过 CSS 来设置新的 max-width:

实例

<style>
.row {
    max-width: 100%;
}
</style>

如果你想使用默认的 max-width, 但是背景颜色需要跨域整个页面,这时你在容器元素上使用 .row 类,并指定你需要的背景颜色:

实例

< div style= "background-color:coral;padding:25px;" >
  < div class= "row" >
    < div class= "small-6 columns" style= "background-color:yellow;" >.small-6 < /div >
    < div class= "small-6 columns" style= "background-color:pink;" >.small-6 < /div >
  < /div >
< /div >